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Learning Center Glossary

 
 

 -A-
AtheismLiterally meaning "Without God," atheism is the belief in the lack of existence regarding any type of deity or supreme being.


 -D-
DeismThe belief in a deity that created the universe, but then chose to play an inactive role regarding it, assuming no control over creation, life, or natural phenomena.


 -H-
HamartologyDerived from the Greek Hamart meaning failure, Hamartology is the theological term for the study of sin.


HermenueticsHermenuetics is often used in regards to Bibliology, and specifically means study of religious texts.


 -M-
Macro-EvolutionThe scientific idea that species evolved from other species, for example a dinosaur becoming a bird, or an ape becoming a man.


Micro-EvolutionThe scientific idea generally accepted by Christians, which states that over time and environmental changes, small adaptations can occur within a species. For example, birds developing harder beaks, or dogs becoming larger or smaller based on physical needs.


ModalismThe errant theological doctrine used by early theologians and oneness Penticostals, but rejected by the church. This doctrine states that God exists in modes, first as the Father, then as the Son, then as the Holy Spirit.


MonolatrismDerived from the Greek meaning "single worship," monolatrism is the recognition of the existence of many gods, but with the consistent worship of only one deity.


MonotheismDerived from the greek meaning, "only god," monotheism is the belief in only one god or deity. This best explains the Christian view of God.


 -O-
Ontological ArgumentAn argument for the existence of God based on the method of a priori proof, or using intuition and reason alone.


OntologyThe philosophical term used to to describe the study of the nature of existing. In theology, Ontology is the study of the existence of God.


 -P-
PantheismDerived from Greek, Pantheism literally means "God is All" or "All is God," and is the theological belief that everything is part of an all-encompassing immanent abstract God. Or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent.


Phyletic GradualismPhyletic gradualism is a macro-evolutionary hypothesis rooted in uniformitarianism. The hypothesis states that species continue to adapt to new challenges over the course of their history, gradually becoming new species. Gradualism holds that every individual is the same species as its parents, and that there is no clear line of demarcation between the old species and the new species. Phyletic gradualism has been largely deprecated as the exclusive pattern of evolution by modern evolutionary biologists in favor of the acceptation of occurrence of patterns such as those described on punctuated equilibrium, quantum evolution, and punctuated gradualism.


Punctuated EquilibriumA theory in macro-evolutionary biology which states that most sexually reproducing species experience little change for most of their geological history, and that when phenotypic evolution does occur, it is localized in rare, rapid events of branching speciation.


Punctuated GradualismA macro-evolutionary hypothesis that refers to a species that has "relative stasis over a considerable part of its total duration [and] underwent periodic, relatively rapid, morphologic change that did not lead to lineage branching."


 -Q-
Quantum EvolutionQuantum evolution is a component of George Gaylord Simpson's multi-tempoed theory of macro-evolutionary change, responsible for the rapid emergence of higher taxonomic groups. According to Simpson, evolutionary rates differ from group to group and even among closely related lineages.


 -S-
SoteriologyDerived from the Greek word Soter, meaning savior, soteriology is theology term for the study of salvation.


Systematic TheologyA discipline of Christian theology that attempts to formulate an orderly, rational, and coherent account of the Christian faith and beliefs. Inherent to a system of theological thought is that a method is developed, one which can be applied both broadly and particularly. Systematic theology draws on the foundations of the sacred texts of Christianity, and also looks to the development of doctrine over the course of history, philosophy, science, and ethics to produce as full a view and as versatile a philosophical approach as possible.


 -T-
TheismThe belief in one or more deities. In Christianity, theism is often used to describe the belief in one deity who continues to play an active role in today's world.


Transitional FormsIn Macro Evolution, transitional forms are the inter-species beings bridging the gap between one species to another. For example, Nebraska Man was thought to be a transitional being from Ape to Man (until being proven false).


TrinityThe theological doctrine in which the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit co-exist equally and eternally as one God, but in three separate persons.



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